Unschooling Instead of High SchoolingJanuary 3rd, 2009 at 20:41
Lisa Stroyan commented on my “School Decision Makers… Revisited” post that she has a son who was in public school through fifth grade, but is now homeschooling, and moving toward the more unschooling end of the homeschooling spectrum. As an initial suggestion, I think she should check out www.unschooling.com, for some information and provocative thoughts on that educational path.
Lisa said she was also interested in my own experience with my kids’ homeschool/unschool journey during their teen (normally high school) years, maybe how or whether an unschooled kid learns traditional academic subjects like algebra. So here goes…
We pulled our son Eric out of school in February 2000 at age 14 because it had become clear that he hated going to school, and had basically become allergic to the conventional instructional academic environment. (See my earlier post on “Thoughts on Emily & Middle School Issues”). We had been considering doing it for a while, and my partner Sally (Eric’s mom) had done some research on homeschooling on the Internet. Sally and I had an initial strategy to attempt to guide our son in a homeschooling strategy including the four conventional academic subjects – English, social studies, science and math. Eric, as it turns out, had other ideas.
We did consider some other options for Eric. We looked at very alternative private schools (I remember a school called Miramar) but we had just purchased a large house and we felt we did not have the money to send him to an expensive private school, which we weren’t sure would work for him anyway. After a year and a half at home we tried him at our local state high school, Cleveland High, but he lasted just four days. We looked into homeschooling collectives, but they were all generally for younger kids. Eric was so burnt out it seemed intuitively that he just needed to stay home.
At first I made attempts to interest him in continuing to pursue the academics, developing a “curriculum” of sorts for him. For English, I suggested great sci-fi books for him to read, which he did, because he was actually interested in that, and it led to great discussions about the books. For social studies, he had an interest in 20th Century history, so I looked for movies to rent (like “Doctor Zhivago” and “Shindler’s List”) and scanned the TV listings for appropriate History Channel shows. He enjoyed the movies, we mostly watched them together, and we discussed the historical context they were set in, the biases of the movie maker, etc.
I had also bought him computer software to help him learn middle school math (pre algebra and algebra) and science (biology and earth science). He may have tried them once, but since he had not found any real interest in either program, he had not given them a second look. All my subsequent attempts to interest him in academic science or math were unsuccessful.
This was a very frustrating and anxious period for his mom and I. Was our son just going to hole up in his room for the rest of his life? Was he doomed to working at minimum wage jobs and being dependent of us? Had we totally failed as parents by not practicing “tough love” and forcing him to stay in school?
After starting to fight with him again and consider coercing him somehow to do academic work, I finally decided to give it up. We had pulled him out of school to avoid this kind of confrontation, stress and stalemate, so I finally gave up the effort, and we told Eric he could basically use his time as he saw fit, what based on Sally’s research had come to be known as “unschooling”.
During that first year of “unschooling”, Eric spent most of his time alone in his room with the door closed playing games on his computer, decompressing and deprogramming, and testing us to make sure we didn’t have other schemes in store for him. Sally had learned from her research that this was a typical transition from externally-directed “schooling” to self-directed learning. Eric got to a point, somewhere in that transitional year, where he was complaining to us that he was bored, which initially inspired us to again try to suggest “curriculum” for him, which he again resisted. But now I see it as an important threshold, when he realized that he was ultimately responsible for his path forward.
At my suggestion, he got involved in the Unitarian-Universalist high school youth YRUU program and met a lot of wonderful unique kids like himself. He also got deeply involved in several on-line youth communities on the Internet, getting on the volunteer board for one even. He even wrote a virtual play that was performed on-line by all the avatars of the people participating in this particular dungeons & dragons type fantasy community. He also participated in a yearly drama camp and made a circle of friends there.
Within three years of “opting out” Eric had built at least three circles of community – UU, drama/theater, and on-line gaming – where he had friends all over Southern California and literally all over the world. He got his feet back under him, and is now one of the most charming, caring, well-spoken young person you could care to meet.
During Eric’s next four years of unschooling, basically through the time when he would have graduated from high school, he recovered his self-esteem and become a very confident, caring, wise and well spoken young man, truly his own person. We constantly harassed Eric his last three years in school to get up in the morning to go to school and to do his homework at night. We didn’t do that anymore, and our relationship with him became one of mutual trust, love and no longer adversarial. It all happened slowly, but in the end it was pretty shocking. We gave Eric his space, gave him love, just a little bit of advice here and there…and he blossomed…did it his way. Despite no high school, he got jobs as a video game tester for a couple years.
Last year, Eric pulled three other partners together and started a business called “Techies” (www.mac-techies.com) setting up computer systems for video editing businesses in Hollywood and also repairing Apple computers. Eric is the Chief Operating Officer, who handles all the personnel, logistical and financial issues, and is the cool head that holds the other partners together. With our awful economic recession this past year, they have been struggling, but they are hanging in there. Almost ten years from the date we pulled him out of school in eighth grade, it is amazing how much he has developed and how far he has come.
The whole experience turned Eric’s mom (my partner Sally) and I into supporters of unschooling, certainly a very unorthodox educational path, but one that works very well, particularly for kids who like to march to their own drum beat. While our son recovered his sense of self and took full responsibility for his path forward we saw other kids like Eric who were getting brutalized and beaten down trying to fit into regular schools.